Enthusiastic beginners need little motivation. But they do need specific instructions and direction. Be prepared to answer lots of questions to keep them on track.
Disillusioned learners become frustrated as excitement wanes and certain parts of their job prove more difficult than expected. Give them lots of specific and timely feedback about their progress. Face-to-face praise works the best.
Capable but cautious contributors
Capable but cautious contributors have done the right job once, but lack the self-confidence that comes with repeat success. They need clear, positive recognition for achieving goals, plus encouragement to repeat their winning performance.
Self-reliant achievers can manage themselves but also need recognition to avoid feeling taken advantage of. Sincere thanks are in order, but other incentives may work better (i.e. allow them to train others, pick their assignments or become involved in decision making).
Four Types of Employee Motivation